THE SCIENCE OF DIETS AND DIETING

Breakfast consisting of croissants coffee fruits orange juice coffee and jam. Balanced diet. ** Note: Shallow depth of field

Why Mom was Right About the Science of Diets

 

Dieting is the practice of eating foods prescribed and monitored to reduce, maintain or increase body weight. In other words, it is a conscious control or restricted diet.

 

Restricted diet is often used by those who are obese or overweight, usually in combination with some type of physical exercise to lose weight. Some people diet to gain weight (usually in the form of muscle). The diet can also be used to maintain a stable body weight.

 

DIFFERENT TYPES OF DIETS

Low carbohydrate

Protein Power and Atkins diets boost low amounts of tend to be relatively higher in protein and fat content. Such low carbohydrate diets are often ketogenic (restrict carbohydrate intake sufficiently to cause ketosis-an increase in the level of ketone bodies in the body).

 

Low in calories

Diets that are low in calorific value usually produce energy deficits of around 500-1000 calories per day, which could amount to almost 0.5 kg (1.1 lb) for 1 kilogram (2.2 1b) of weight loss per week. Some diet plans like low calorie DASH diet and Weight Watchers are included.

 

National Institutes of Health (NIH) looked at 34 randomized controlled trials in an effort to determine the efficacy of such low-calorie diets through testing. The NIH found that such low-carb, high-protein, high fat diets were able to lower total body mass by 8% in the short term, over a period of about 3-12 months. Women on low-calorie diets should be at least 1200 calories a day. Men must have a minimum of 1,800 calories a day.

 

Very low in calorie diets

Very low calorie diets provide 200-800 calories a day to maintain protein intake but limiting calories from fat and carbohydrates. The body subjected to starvation and produce an average loss of 1.5 to 2.5 kg (3.3 pounds to 5.5) per week. “2-4-6-8”, a popular variety of modes, after four days of the cycle in which only 200 calories consumed on the first day and the second day 400, 600 on the third day, the fourth day 800 then completely empty stomach, and then the cycle are repeated.

 

Such diets may not be recommended for general use, as they are associated with highly adverse effects such as increase in the risk of gout, loss of muscle mass, and electrolyte imbalances side effects, which could be fatal. People who try these diets should be closely monitored by a doctor to avoid risk of any dire complications.

 

 

obesity prevention stop over weight start campaign with low fat diet for obese children and adults with eating disorder

 Low fat

Low-fat diet involves reducing the percentage of fat in the diet. Calorie intake is reduced because less fat is consumed. The diet of this type includes NCEP Step I and II.

 

Meta-analysis of 16 trials 2-12 months’ duration found that low-fat diets (not voluntarily limit calorie intake) resulted in an average loss of 3.2 kg (7.1 lb) more weight ordinary food.

 

The zone diet

The Zone Diet is a popular diet program based on eating the right balance of protein, carbohydrate, and fat calories in nourishment each time. Be well advised that calories can come from drinks as well. Although water is recommended for greater consumption, other beverages are allowed as well.

 

PH Miracle Diet/Alkaline Diet

The pH miracle diet has created a sensation to the masses because it brought about a one hundred and 80 degree turn from the known low carbohydrate, high-protein, diets of the past years.

 

The pH Miracle diet is also known as the Young Diet (founded by Robert Young), or, the Alkaline Diet. This diet type ushered in to society, a totally different approach to nutrition.

 

Many nutritionists as well as holistic doctors have favored the PH Miracle diet and see consider this diet a more balanced nutritional approach since it takes the body’s true nutritional needs into account.

 

Green Tea Diet

More and more are showing inclination to the green tea diet approach. Some individuals are already adding it to their diet regimen. Many people believe that green tea is a miracle drug that has the capability of enhancing beauty, youthfulness, and a strong and healthy body.

 

Green tea is also considered a protector of the human body from various sicknesses. In the world of fitness, green tea serves as an ingredient for weight loss. There are several other written benefits of the green tea diet which we will examine during a later course. Stay tuned!

 

Atkins diet

The Atkins diet is not a new phenomenon. The diet first made entrance around the late 1970s and has grown in popularity in the last few decades in response to the low-fat diet craze amid higher rates of diabetes plaguing our society.

 

As dieters had trouble with the low-fat diet plans, they searched for newer solutions that provided a better balanced of nutrients and were greeted with Dr. Atkins’ New Diet Revolution book. We will elaborate on this form of dieting in later posts. Stay tuned!

 

Detox

Detox diets claim to remove “toxins” side of the body instead of causing weight loss. Many people use herbs or celery and other vegetables that are low in calorie juicy.

 

Hoodia diet

Hoodia diet is the latest most effective diet to come out today. With so many diet trends it natural for anyone to question this new diet regimen. The diet has been mentioned in several TV shows such as The Today Show, 60 minutes, BBC, and Oprah. Like the other diet plans before, will it become just another trend to be swept off under the carpet and followed by those who can afford it?

How different is it compared to others that have come before it and many more that are continually sold in the internet? We will find out when we turn our lenses to focus on this diet regimen. Stay tuned!

 

Religious diet requirements

Religious requirement may be a factor in motivating people to adopt certain restrictive dieting. For example, the Bible book of Daniel (1: 2-20 and 10: 2-3) refers to the escape of 10 or 21 days of food (Daniel Fast) declared unclean by God in the Law of Moses.

 

In modern versions Daniel Fast, food choices may be limited to whole grains, fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, seeds and oil. Daniel Fast compares vegetarian diet that excludes animal products. Passes strongly suggest that Daniel fast promotes good health and mental performance.

 

Fasting is practiced in different religions. Examples include Lent in Christianity; Yom Kippur, Tisha B’Av, Esther fasting, Gedaliah seventeenth of Tammuz and the tenth of Tevet in Judaism. Muslims refrain from eating during the day for a month, Ramadan every year.

 

Vegan/vegetarian diet

In simple terms, a vegetarian diet is a diet plan composed mostly of whole grains, fruits, and seed while abstaining from meats.  There are various levels or forms of vegetarianism. Some forms practiced only exclude mammalian flesh with their diet including poultry and fish (less strict), whereas others completely exclude poultry, dairy products, and meats (stricter).

 

There are different forms of vegetarianisms. Some forms include: Ovo-lacto vegetarian diet, Lacto vegetarian diet, ovo vegetarian, Raw vegan diet, Fruitarian vegan diet, Macrobiotic diet, pollotarian vegan diet, pescatarian vegan diet, Flexitarian vegetarian diet

 

 

Vegan food. Fresh fruits. Fruit salad at white plate. Fruit salad closeup. Healthy diet food, natural organic vegan salad with pear, strawberry, orange and almond slices.

Raw food diet

 

Eating raw foods is a boost to your metabolism according to research. According to the proponents of raw food diet, it takes a little more energy to digest raw foods, which is considered a healthy process.

 

Instead of spending energy to rid itself of toxins produced by cooking food, the body would rather use its energy to feed each cell in its being, sending vitamins, fluids, enzymes and oxygen to make your body the efficient machine it was intended to be.

 

WHY DIET?

Everyone wants to know how to lose weight quickly. We know the usual answer how many do this- To control my diet and exercise frequently. But if it was that simple, then there would be so many fat people in this world!

 

With all the lies and hype surrounding the weight loss industry it can be difficult to separate the hype and lies from the truth.

 

Being healthy is not just weight. Healthy weight reflects a healthy diet and regular physical activity.

 

The Science of Diets

So, Why diet?

  To be healthier

It is true that obesity may be a risk factor for certain diseases and a small weight loss can reduce the risk, it is also true that diet does not lead to better health. Weight loss, long-term weight control is not proven to be successful, and you can put on the weight loss roller coaster followed by weight gain.

 

  Being skinny

We come in different shapes and sizes, mostly determined by our genetic family. We cannot change our genes; If your plan means that you are large and muscular (thank you mom and dad!), you cannot change it without compromising your health and your well-being.

 

  To be happier

Strictly control their diet takes the joy of eating. Your body and mind will work best when you restrict calories too much, or eliminate entire food groups. The more unpredictable mood swings and tends to become obsessed with food. 95% long-term “diets” for weight loss diets fail. Failure tends to diminish their sense of power and personal control. Was it luck?

 

   To fit In

More children and women diet than ever, even those who have a healthy weight for their height and age. Girls who diet during puberty can actually end up with more body fat than their peers who are not dieting. Hmm – what’s wrong with this picture? Many diets require you to eat food that is different from the other people. They are not in shape.

 

  To be better in sports

While calorie foods and limited excesses in your body is not at its best, and you May be losing muscle mass. His mental consciousness can be reduced. How does this affect the improvement of your sport?

 

  How to be more attractive/popular

What attracted you to a person? Do you want your boy/girlfriend to love your body or for yourself? Isurg-term long-term relationships based on looks? If you are on a diet, you are fun to be around with?

 

The Science of Diets

 

Composition with assorted organic grocery products. Balanced diet

BALANCED DIET

 

A balanced diet is one that helps maintain or improve health in general. A balanced diet provides the body with essential nutrients: liquid, adequate protein, essential fatty acids, vitamins, essential amino acids, minerals and adequate calories.

 

The requirements for a balanced diet can be filled with a variety of foods of animal origin and of plant origin. A balanced diet is compatible with the requirements of power and provides for human consumption, without toxicity or exposure to overweight and excessive weight.

 

When the lack of calories is not a problem, well balanced diet (with physical exercise) is also considered important to reduce health risks, such as obesity, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, hypertension and cancer.

 

REFERENCES

“ESSENTIAL AMINO ACID REQUIREMENTS: A REVIEW”.

“WHO | Promoting fruit and vegetable consumption around the world”. WHO.

White, Ellen G (1938). Counsels on Diet and Foods (PDF). ePub.

Bloomer, Richard J; Mohammad M Kabir; Robert E Canale; John F Trepanowski; Kate E

Marshall; Tyler M Farney; Kelley G Hammond (2010). “Effect of a 21 day Daniel Fast on metabolic and cardiovascular disease risk factors in men and women” (PDF). Lipids in Health and Disease 9: 94. doi:10.1186/1476-511X-9-94. PMC 2941756. PMID 20815907.

Strychar, I. (2011). The Effects of Very-Low-Calorie Diets on HDL: A Reiview. Retrieved August 29, 2016 from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3065900/

 

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Bessie

Bessie

As a graduate in medicine and healthcare management with a passion for blogging, I realized that I had knowledge that I would be more than happy to share with my community, as well as learn from others through this blog and other forums. Hence, I set out to educate myself and others on a very important aspect of life- diet and dieting. I hope this will provide a great learning experience for everyone.

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